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高考英语语法填空题技巧

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高考语法填空题技巧

语法填空是一能够全检测学生在的法法和逻辑能力的新题。该题有两基本形,一为零示,二为示。由很多学生的语法知识和语法分能力比较薄弱,该题也失分的区。我校将该题的解题技巧和解题点加以总结并分享给大家,希望对您有所裨益。一零示题

     零示题由考点分散和解差,难度较大。但若熟悉零示题的考察点,此类题的难度将大大。

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考点一:介

英语常介有in/ on/ at/ over/ during/ under/ behind/ for/through/ from/ since/ before/ by/ till/ until/ after/ within/ between/ among/ above/ below/ near/ of/ about/ with/ like/ as/ against/ except/ in spite of/ despite等。个介用法是题的基础。由篇幅所,此处赘述。仅将点介特殊用法列举如下:

1. In the tree  外物 On the tree 树上生长的

2. On the bus/ plane/ boat/ ship

In the car

Get off the plane/ bus

Get out of the car

3. On the river  在……畔

4. Over

a. 通过;穿越

They are walking over the bridge.

b. 在……期间

We talked this over over a cup of tea.

over/ during a meeting

5. On + 身体部,表示使用

He stood on his head and sang a song.

The dog can walk on two legs.

6. After  追;追求

Run after fame and fortune  追利

7. Between 两两之间

The rabbit jumped away between trees.

考点二:地点副或方副

The tension is on.

I’m home/ abroad/ here.

The animals ran away.

考点三:冠

1. 个一个   a/an

这个这些   the

2. 固定

The same ...

Come to an end

Come to a standstill

Come to a stop

Make a fire

At a depth of ...

At an altitude of ...

考点四:逻辑副/

Therefore thus howeverbut andOtherwise insteadconsequentlyor

But we think otherwise.

It was only one day left,however,his father had no idea to answer him

考点五:

1. That/ Which

a. 先行包括人和物时

b. 先行形容最高级数the only/ the very等修饰时

c. 先行为定代时

2. That/ which/ What

That 分

Which强调范围

We don’t know which sort this species belong to.

考点六:定代

Neithernonebotheithersomeoneanyonemost

考点七:固定

His boss was so angry as to fire himThe US consists of fifty states

考点八:逻辑关系

对逻辑关系的考察,既以是副介等虚,也以是动等。学生一定结语境,仔细谨判断。

Tony likes travelling abroad,but dislikes staying home watching TV

二:示题

考点一:人称代

主考察人称代的宾格表语和性物主代。

1. --- Who’s it?

--- It’s him.

2. --- Whose is this book?/ Whose book is this?

--- It’s hers.

考点二:数

主考察基数数和基数表示数概念。

Nine Ninety Nineteen Ninth

Four Forty  Fourteen

Twenty --- twentieth

I’m in Class Two.

基数表示数概念时,和数的首字都大写。

考点三:形容

主考察

a. 副

He really jumps very _____ (high)

He went _____ (straight/ direct) to the room.

本身为副的表示具体。

加-ly副之表示抽象。

We went directly to the cause of the accident.

High/ wide/ straight/ direct

b. 比较级最高级

It couldn’t be better.

定的比较级出在有情动的定中时,表示最高级。

He couldn’t be happier when hearing the news.

He is the taller of the two.

两者比较,且给出比较范围时,比较级加the。

Less + adj.为定的比较级。

You are less practical than Jim.

c.

-ness/ -ity...

考点四:

主考察:

a. 数

Medium  ---  media

Phenomenon  ---  phenomena

Criterion --- criteria  标准

Crisis --- crises

Basis --- bases

Fish  1. 鱼(数)数形  2. 类 -es

There are three fish in the bowl.

There are three fishes in the bowl.

A school of fish   一群鱼

He goes there on Sundays.

b. 形容

-ly

-y

Secretly   adv.

考点五:动

主考察:

a. 时 (三在分过分)

b. 语

c. 动

Avoid doing

Practice doing

Imagine doing

d. 定

目的状语

结状语

e. 定语

主谓用在分动宾用过分。

f. 状语

主谓用在分动宾用过分。

g. 补语

主谓用在分动宾用过分。

With his eyes fixed on the map, he murmured something to himself.

Fix one’s eyes on sth

考点六: 悬分/ 形容状语

Aimed at/ lost in/ determined to do/ dressed in/ judging by / provided

Aimed at a new bilateral relationship, the president paid a state visit to China.

Given his age, the old man was quite strong.



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