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新概念第二册自学导读 Lessons18

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课文详注 Further notes on the text

1After I had had lunch at a village pub, I looked for my bag. 我在一家乡酒店过饭,就找我的包。

(1)have在have lunch这个组中是完全动而是助动,因此,其他完全动一样,它的过完时加助动had。

(cf. 本课语法)

(2)pub为public house(酒店,酒)的缩略形,在英国英语的中较常:

Let's go to the pub for a drink.

咱们酒店酒。

(3)look for强调“寻找这个动作,而涉结:

I looked for my key everywhere, but I couldn't find it.

我到处寻找我的钥匙,但还是没找到。

2I had left it on a chair beside the door…我曾把它放在门边的椅上……

leave除了“离“离开“出的,还以表示“把(人物)留下“留“丢下等:

The dog has left your bag by a tree.

那狗把你的包丢在了一棵树。

Have you left anything in the car?

你有没有把什么东西丢在车里?

Leave the books on the desk.

把书放在课桌上。

3My dog had taken it into the garden. He often does this!我的狗把它弄到花园里了,他常干这事

he在这里指代的是狗。动物通常用it代表,被看东西一样。但是,指宠物家畜或民间故事中的动物时,我们常也用he,she,who等,使得它们“人格化并具有性别。用阴性代指个动物或东西时尤其有一亲切的义:

I have a little cat. She drinks milk every morning.

我有一猫。她天早上牛奶。

George's parrot, Henry, can speak a few words. He always calls when there are lights.

乔治的鹦鹉亨利能说几个。有光他就。

语法 Grammar in use

完全动have

(1)动have有两用法。一是作为助动完时(包括过在将)和完进行时:

I haven't seen him this morning.

我今天上没过他。

When I rang, Tim had already left.

我打电的时候,蒂姆已走了。

(2)have还以作完全动。当它作“具有“拥有讲时,它和have got通常以互。在英国英语中,疑问和定中

have(具有)的用法be相,以用助动do(或did)。

I haven't got any pencils.

我没有铅笔。

在国英语中,常用do,did等have一起疑问和定:

这形在英国英语中在也常了。

have作“具有“拥有讲时是状动,能用进行时或被动语。它通常用一般在时:

You can have these apples if you want them. I've got a lot more.

如你想这些苹你以把它们拿走。我还有许多。

He has(got) a Ford.

他有一辆特牌汽车。

在其他时中,一般用have而用 have got:

He had a Ford last year.

年他有过一辆特牌汽车。

I have had this car for three years.

这辆汽车我已用了3年了。

Last week, Jimmy had a bad cold.

上星期米得了感冒。

(3)have 作完全动时,还以表示eat,drink,enjoy,take等,这时它是行为动,以用包括进行时的时:

Have a cigarette, Sam.

姆,请抽烟。

We will have dinner at seven o'clock.

我们将7点开饭。

Sam and I had lunch together today.

我和姆今天一起的饭。

I'm having a drink.

我正在点东西。

当have用表示这些义时,它必须do和did等用以疑问和定:

汇学习 Word study

1besidebesides

介beside常用的义为“在……边“在……附近:

Come and sit beside us.

过在我们边。

There is a chair beside the door.

门边有一把椅。

besides的形beside很相似,但义相差甚远。besides作副时表示“而且“并且“此外等:

She has so much else to do besides.

此外,她还有许多其他事。

I'm quite busy today. Besides, I've got a bad cold.

我今天很忙,而且我还感冒得害。

besides还以作介,表示“除……之外(还):

There were a lot of people at the party besides us.

除了我们以外,晚会上还有许多(其他)人。

2give的几个固定

物动give常用的义是“给予“交给:

Give me some water, please.

请给我一些水。

I lent him some books last month and he has given them back to me this morning.

我上个月曾借给他一些书。他今天上都还给我了。以看出,giveback用时,它的义并没有生太大的化。但是,当它其他副用时,义往往会有化,有时化常大:

He gave away all his books to the library.

他把所有的书都赠给了这家图书馆。(give away:赠)

Give in your examination papers after you've finished.

考好就交上。(give in:上交,呈交)

You can do what you like. I will never give in.

你想干什么就干什么。我决屈。(give in:屈,让步)

He gave up drinking a few years ago.

他几年戒酒了。(give up:放弃,抛弃)

Jack has given up the watch he stole last week.

克把他上星期的表交了出。(give up:交出,让出)

练习答案 Key to written exercises

1关键练习答案

A 1 I looked for my bag after I had had lunch at a village pub.

2 I had left my bag on a chair beside the door.

3 The landlord asked me:‘Did you have a good meal?’

4 I answered:‘I can't pay the bill because I haven't got my bag.’

5 The dog had taken the bag into the garden.

C Sentences 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 10, 11

2难点练习答案

A 1 back  2 away  3 in  4 in

B 1 Besides  2  beside

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