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新概念第二册自学导读 Lessons20

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课文详注 Further notes on the text

1I often fish for hours without catching anything. 我常一钓数时一无所。

without 通常表示“缺“没有:

I can't repair the car without your help.

没有你的帮助我无法修这车。

当它动时,它表示“曾“:

They tried to leave the restaurant without paying.

他们图付账就离开馆。

John left the room without telling anyone.

约翰离开房间时曾告诉任何人。

2Instead of catching fish, they catch old boots and rubbish. 他们往往鱼钓到,钓上些旧和圾。

instead有“作为替代“而等义,一般以短语形instead of出:

Jack took part in the race instead of Tony.

克代替托尼加了比赛。

Instead of sugar, he bought some salt.

他没有买糖,而是买了些。

副instead独使用时一般出在尾:

If you don't want a holiday in England, why don't you go to Australia instead?

如你想在英国度,那你为什么澳大利亚呢?

3I am even less lucky. 我的气甚至还他们。

less是little的比较级,为““如“更少:

Tom has got little chocolate, and Jack has got even less.

汤姆有一点儿巧克力,克则更少。

I spend less time on English than on French.

我花在英语上的时间比花在法语上的少。

(cf. 第8课语法)

4…I always go home with an empty bag. ……然空袋家。

with以表示“有……的“有……的“身带……等:

Who's the man with the umbrella?

那个带的男人是?

Who's the man with the beard?

那个留胡的男人是?

Who's the woman with the little boy?

带那个男孩的女人是?

5I'm not really interested in fishing. 我并是真的对钓鱼有兴趣。

表示“对……感兴趣一般用be interested in sth. /doing sth.:

Tim is only interested in food.

蒂姆对食物感兴趣。

I'm interested in collecting stamps.

我对集邮有兴趣。

语法 Grammar in use

动(The Gerund)(1)

动和在分的形完全一样,都是由动+-ing。-ing 形作时称为动。广义上讲,动以代替,尽管它动一样带宾语。一样,它以作主语:

Dancing is fun. I love it.

跳有,我喜欢跳。

Walking quickly is difficult.

走快是很难的。(动+副作主语)

Washing the car makes him dirty.

擦洗汽车把他身上弄了。(动+宾语作主语)

动也以作宾语或介宾语:

Mary is keen on cooking.

丽热衷烹调。(介宾语)

Congratulations on passing your exams!

贺你通过考试

以带动的介通常有 before,after,instead of,without 等。用介+动结以将两个短为一,或者将一个为动结。动的定是在它直加not:

Tom always knocks before entering a room.

汤姆在走进一个房间总敲门。

He apologized for not writing to you.

他为没给你写信而表示歉。

动也以用表示完时的 having +过分结:

You can't leave the restaurant without having paid the bill.

在没有付账之你能离开饭店。

汇学习 Word study

1catch vt.

(1),逮,:

The police have caught the thief.

警察已逮那个。

Have you caught any fish today?

你今天钓到鱼了?

(2)抓,:

Tom caught the thief by the arm.

汤姆抓的胳膊。

Can you catch the ball?

你能?

(3)时赶到,赶上:

I want to catch the eight nineteen(train) to London.

我想赶8点19分的车伦敦。

2realize vt.

(1)(希望目标愿望等):

She has realized her hope to be an actress.

她了自己当一演员的愿望。

(2)使为事,使生(常用被动语):

This plan can never be realized.

这个计划永远能事。

(3)认识,知,白,识到:

I went into the wrong room without realizing it.

我无中走错了房间。

I hope you realize that you've made a big mistake.

我希望你白你已犯了个大错误。

realize 和understand表示这个时有时以互,有时则以。在上的例中,第1用 understand,第2则以。如:

I an did not understand English.

伊懂英语。(用 realize)

3interestedinteresting

大多数在分和许多过分都以作形容用。常的以-ed和-ing结尾的对的形容有 excited/ exciting, tired/ tiring, interested/ interesting等。以-ed结尾的形容常人称主语用,表示人的情绪状喜好等;以-ing结尾的形容则常人称主语用,表事物的特性质等:

This story is exciting.

这故事激动人心。

I am excited by the story.

我因这故事而兴奋。

It was an exciting finish.

(比赛的)结尾激动人心。

Sally was very excited because she had never travelled on a train before.

常激动,因为她未乘过车。

The play was very interesting.

很有。

Are you interested in plays?

你对剧有兴趣?

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