月几百元,轻拿本科

大家一起啃新概念第四册:第五课(下)

责任编辑:妮 表时间:2011/7/6 字调整:字体缩|字体放大

5-8. They have an air of freedom, and they have not a dreary commitment to mean ambitions or love of comfort.

译文】他们无拘无,燥地沉鄙的利和物质享。

和短语】

dreary:燥无味的;调的;令人生的(dull and making you feel sad or bored),

例如:
a dreary meeting 燥的会议

mean:鄙的(cruel and not kind),

例如:
a mean motive 鄙的动机

It is mean to spread gossip about others.
散布有关他人的言蜚语是鄙的。

5-9. They are not anxious social climbers, and they have no devotion to material things.

译文】他们是社会上那些急切上爬的人,也一味追求物质享。

和短语】

devotion:专心,热心,专心(the loyalty that you show towards a person, job etc, especially by working hard),

例如:
sb.’s devotion of time and money to the project
人对这一项目所花费的时间和金钱

Two devotions have filled her life.
她的生活被两样他所专注的事情了。

5-10. All this seems to me to link them with life, and the origins of things.

译文】在我看,所有这些使他们生命以万物的起系在了一起。

讲解】all this seems to me to link…中to me乃入语。link…with…为“把…………系起。them指年轻人。

和短语】

origin:起;;由,起因(the place or situation in which something begins to exist),

例如:
the origin of the universe 宇宙的起
a word of Latin origin 自拉语的语

5-11. It's as if they were, in some sense, cosmic beings in violent and lovely contrast with us suburban creatures.

译文】义上讲,他们似是超凡脱俗之人,我们这些识短浅的俗物形鲜而有趣的对照。

讲解】as if they were…suburban creatures是表语,were是虚拟语气结。in violent and lovely contrast with作定语修饰cosmic beings。suburban creatures作us的语,注这里作者用creatures(生物)指人,“以代类,喻(synecdoche)修手法。

和短语】

suburban:有郊区(人)特点的;<贬>平淡味的;的(boring and typical of people who live in the suburbs),

例如:
a suburban lifestyle 郊区生活方

5-12. All that is in my mind when I meet a young person.

译文】逢到年轻人,我就想到这些。

讲解】all that is in my mind中all that指上文到的事。a young person中的a表示类别,“年轻人,是指个年轻人。

5-13. He may be conceited, ill-mannered, presumptuous or fatuous, but I do not turn for protection to dreary clichés about respect of elders—as if mere age were a reason for respect.

译文】年轻人也许狂妄自负,举止无,傲慢放肆,愚昧无知,但我决求助尊长者云云的陈滥调为维护自己的尊严,似唯有年长是人尊敬的由。

讲解】he乃承a young person而选用。to turn to…for …为……求助……。for protection作turn的目的状语,置是为了使更加紧凑。dreary clichés about respect of elders作to的宾语。about respect of elders作clichés的定语。for elders作respect的定语。中的破折引出被强调的部分。

和短语】

conceited:自负的,自高自大的,骄傲自满的(someone who is conceited thinks they are very clever, skillful, beautiful etc),形为conceit。

presumptuous:专横的,自行其是的,傲慢的,冒昧的,放肆的(doing sth. that you have no right to do and that seems rude),

例如:
It would be presumptuous for anybody to offer such a view.
任何人出这观点都是放肆的。

fatuous:愚笨的,庸的,蠢的(very silly or stupid),形为fatuity,

例如:
fatuous talk
Television commercials seem more fatuous than ever.
电视广告节目似比以往任何时候更没了。

5-14. I accept that we are equals, and I will argue with him, as an equal, if I think he is wrong.

译文】我笃信我们是平等的。如我认为他们错了,我就以平等的身份和他们争个白。

和短语】

equal:等的人(someone who is as important, intelligent etc as you are, or who has the same rights and opportunities as you do),

例如:
Mix with your equals or betters. 你相仿或更好的人交往。

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